Under extreme pressure from the Chinese Communists, Matthew Koo refused to join the Three-Self Reform Movement (the precursor to the Chinese Catholic Patriotic Association) and renounce the Pope. He even joined the Zikawei seminary, in 1953.
That all ended on September 8, 1955, when revolutionary Communist authorities arrested Matthew, then-Bishop Pinmei Kung and hundreds of other Shanghai Catholics for counterrevolutionary activities.
For the next 29 years, he suffered torture in hellish detention centers, prisons in Shanghai and survived the Great Chinese Famine in slave labor death camps, in Chinghai, while prisoner.
And when his sentence was over, in 1965, because of hukou, he was not permitted to return to Shanghai, his home, but he was forced to remain in the death camp as a post-prisoner detained employee.
Finally, he escaped, in 1984, and, in 1988, he was secretly ordained in the underground Catholic Church by underground Bishop Zhongliang "Joseph" Fan.
VIVA CRISTO REY! 萬歲耶穌基督國君王!